This is an English translation of Manuk Abeghyan's doctoral dissertation (Leipzig, 1899). Originally published in German (Der armenische Volksglaube), this important and influential study was subsequently translated into Armenian by the noted philologist and linguist Dr. Dora Sakayan, and from Armenian into English by Dr. Robert Bedrosian. Manuk Abeghyan/Abeghian (1865-1944), a renowned scholar of Armenian literature and folklore, discusses the following topics in this work: 1. The Sources and a General Characterization of Armenian Folk Beliefs; 2. Belief in Spirits and Worship of the Dead; 3. Light and Darkness; 4. Belief in Fate; 5. Worship of Water and Plants; 6. Worship of Fire; 7. Worship of Snakes; 8. Stories about Thunderstorms; 9. Spirit of the Wind; 10. Water, Forest, and Mountain Spirits; 11. Spells and Evil Spirits. Zipped HTML files.